Symptoms of diabetes as thousands could have the disease

An estimated 500,000 people in the UK could have diabetes without knowing it. Here is the range of symptoms, including two in the mouth, people should watch out for and if they could be more at risk

bad breath woman
Thousands in the UK could have diabetes without realizing it, according to experts

When untreated, diabetes is a serious medical condition that can have a major effect on people.

The disease causes knock-on health problems that can be serious, such as an increased risk of high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease and nerve damage.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes was the ninth leading cause of death with an estimated 1.5 million deaths in 2019 directly caused by diabetes.

Thankfully, there are treatments that can help, but a trip to a GP to identify the problems is needed, which is why it’s important to recognize the symptoms.

Two common symptoms that you should ignore affect the mouth, and are associated with high blood pressure.

Here is everything you need to know, including other symptoms of diabetes to look out for.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?







Being thirsty all the time could be a sign of diabetes
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Symptoms of diabetes that occur within the mouth include dry mouth and a breath that smells “fruity”. These are associated with high blood pressure, or hyperglycemia.

Other symptoms include needing to frequently urinate and excessive thirst.

Other warning signs of the diseases include:

  • feeling or being sick
  • feeling tired
  • Blurred Vision
  • unintentional weight loss
  • Thrush
  • Wounds healing slowly

What is diabetes?







Diabetes is serious and needs treatment
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Image:

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Diabetes is a disease that arises as a result of your body’s inability to break down glucose with insulin.

This occurs when the pancreas, the organ responsible for producing insulin, does either not produce enough of the hormone or what insulin it does make does not work properly.

The NHS explained: “When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it’s broken down to produce energy.”

There are two types of diabetes and type 1 is far less common than type 2.

Around 10% of adults with diabetes have type 1, which is different to type 2 in that the body’s immune systems sets out to attack the cells that produce insulin. As a result, type 1 diabetes requires regular shots of insulin.

Type 2 diabetics are affected by the body not producing enough insulin or cells do not react to it properly.

Type 1 is not linked with being overweight and cannot be cured, while people can put their type 2 diabetes into remission by losing weight.

People are more at risk of type 2 diabetes if they have a family history of it, are overweight, their waist size is too large or due to their ethnicity.

Diabetes UK said: “You’re more at risk if you’re white and over 40, or over 25 if you’re African Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian (Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi) [and] if you’re of African Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian (Indian, Pakistani or Bangladeshi) or Chinese descent.”

Your medical history could also put you more at risk, such as a history of high blood pressure, strokes or heart attack or ever mental illness.

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