Heat wave burns Pakistan, mercury rises to 51°C in Jacobabad

KARACHI (PAKISTAN): Heat wave across Pakistan is creating a major health crisis with mercury skyrocketing up to 51° Celsius in Jacobabad, Sindh on Saturday.
Citing the news, Geo News reported that numerous cases of acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stroke, acute water diarrhea and gastroenteritis have been reported across the country, especially Sindh and Punjab as the extremely hot weather scorches these areas.
Residents said prolonged drought and the unavailability of clean water are forcing people to drink contaminated water to fight the heat.
Unconfirmed reports suggest that at least three people died of acute water diarrhea in a remote area of ​​Sindh, Kaccha, Dadu, when the temperature rose to 49°C, Geo News reported.
Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences (GIMS) director Rahim Bux Bhatti said patients with ARI, acute gastroenteritis and other heat stroke symptoms due to prolonged sun exposure are being taken to the heat stroke camp.
“The whole area has been in the grip of an intense heat wave for the past few days,” he said when speaking to The News.
Sindh’s Director General of Health, Jumman Bahoto, said that there had been some ‘confirmed’ reports of deaths and illnesses due to heat stroke and water-borne diseases in some cities and towns in the province, which were experiencing an intense heat wave in the today, adding that he had instructed all District Health Officers (DHOs) to collect data as well as establish heat stroke camps in his jurisdiction, Geo News reported.
“An increase in cases of acute watery diarrhea and other waterborne diseases are being reported in remote areas of Dadu, while some cases of heat stroke have also been reported with temperatures reaching 51° Celsius in some areas of the province. We have issued guidelines for the health authorities to establish heat stroke camps, provide drinking water and ORS to patients and provide them with timely medical treatment,” added DG Health Sindh.
As daytime temperatures became unbearable in many Punjab cities, health officials said that many traffic wardens and ordinary people who remained exposed to sunlight in Lahore had acute kidney injuries due to dehydration. They were taken to different health facilities in the city, including Jinnah Hospital Lahore, for treatment.
“Dozens of people, especially traffic wardens in Lahore, collapsed from dehydration due to long exposure to sunlight in the intense heat and were transferred to different hospitals. We decided to distribute umbrellas and awareness flyers among people in Lahore to avoid than disability and death from heat stroke,” said eminent physician and vice chancellor of the University of Health Sciences (UHS) Lahore, Professor Javed Akram.
The National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad, has also warned of an increase in heat stroke and waterborne illnesses due to extremely high temperatures in different parts of the country, saying heat stroke is a medical emergency and could be fatal if not properly controlled, Geo News reported.
“A dehydrated person may not be able to sweat quickly enough to dissipate heat, which also causes their body temperature to rise. Common signs and symptoms of heat stroke are hot, dry skin or profuse sweating with red hot or flushed skin. , weakness/lethargy, throbbing headache, elevated body temperature, irritability, dizziness, decreased urine output, rash (red cluster of pimples or small blisters),” said a statement issued by the NIH after the intense heat wave.
The statement further warned that heat stroke can cause death or organ damage or disability if not treated properly in time, adding that infants, the elderly over 65, diabetics, hypertensives, athletes and outdoor workers are at high risk of heat stroke.
On the other hand, the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) said temperatures remained 50°C or above in three cities in Sindh, including Jacobabad, where 51°C was recorded on Saturday, while in Nawabshah (Shaheed Benazirabad) 50 were recorded. .5°C and in Moenjo Daro. 50°C was recorded on Saturday.
“Most parts of the country will likely remain in the grip of a heat wave over the next week. There is, however, slight relief expected in most parts of the country from the night of May 14-17, 2022, that is. , mainly due to dust storms/stormy winds, rain and thunderstorms in scattered locations across most of the country in the afternoon and evening/night, PMD said.

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